Archive for the ‘psychology’ Category

It may seem like some people are born likable, but everyone is capable of developing charisma. No matter your personality, there are certain traits you can practice and apply to your own behavior that can possibly make you seem more magnetic, trustworthy, and influential. Here are the basics to developing charisma.

Source: How to Develop Your Charisma and Become More Likable

In an experiment by the psychologist Paul Rozin, he asked educated adults to eat chocolate fudge that was shaped like dog faeces. The other option was to eat soup from a pristine, brand new bedpan. People knew the fudge was real fudge and the bedpan was clean (it would be deeply unethical if wasn’t!) But many people refused. They believed the food was clean but they ‘alieved’ it wasn’t. This could be what happens when you watch a horror movie. You know you’re safe, you don’t really believe the monster will come out of the screen and harm you. But it still seems like it could. You just ‘alieve’ it will. The feeling experienced is still very real.

Source: When we fall in love with fictional characters – Explainer Video Animation & Video Production | Norwich | London | Curveball Media

Experience-taking doesn’t happen all the time. It only occurs when people are able, in a sense, to forget about themselves and their own self-concept and self-identity while reading, Kaufman said. In one experiment, for example, the researchers found that most college students were unable to undergo experience-taking if they were reading in a cubicle with a mirror.

Source: ‘Losing Yourself’ In A Fictional Character Can Affect Your Real Life – Ohio State Research and Innovation Communications

When I talk to other scientists about the study of consciousness, very often the first thing I’m asked to explain is why the topic is worth scientific attention. I argue that it’s not just a topic for philosophers or poets, and it’s not just a matter of opinion or belief. We can actually build rational theories of consciousness, theories that have explanatory power and that can be tested experimentally. And it’s crucial knowledge. Consciousness has a specific, practical impact on brain function. If you want to understand how the brain works, you need to understand that part of the machine. No neuroscientist, and no expert in artificial intelligence, should scoff at consciousness.” (excerpt)

They play to our intuitions, but don’t actually explain anything.

Source: Most Theories of Consciousness Are Worse Than Wrong – The Atlantic

“Few books risk such damage to the public understanding of science as those by Oliver James. Inexplicably popular despite their scientific illiteracy and mediocre writing, they are promoted widely by James’s regular, shriekingly aggressive media appearances. A glance at the studies shows the absurdity of the extreme blank-slate position advanced in Not In Your Genes: environments clearly matter, but so does DNA, and the perversity of denying this becomes ever more acute with each new genetic discovery. Truly understanding human psychology and helping those with psychiatric illnesses requires us to have a realistic view of the causes of differences between people. That realistic view is Not In This Book.”  (excerpt)

Source: On genetics Oliver James is on a different planet to the rest of us | Spectator Health

http://division51.net/homepage-slider/self-generated-initiation-in-the-clinical-hour/

“My experience it’s not natural for men to admit feelings of discomfort and vulnerability. So you have to dig deeper and work a lot harder to get under their skin,”

Source: Is imposter syndrome a sign of greatness? – Quartz

excerpt: “Bioethicists, philosophers, journalists, and social scientists began speculating upon how the proliferation of psychoactive medications might alter concepts of self and narratives of authenticity. Does taking antidepressants allow the “real self” to emerge from the dark night of depression, or do antidepressants “muffle” the authentic self by blunting affect? Do new selves emerge and old selves disappear as psychoactive medications turn the melancholy into the chipper, the shy into social butterflies, the anxious into laid-back, Owen Wilson, surfer dude types? Such books as Carl Elliott’s Better Than Well: American Medicine Meets the American Dream, Carl Elliott and Tod Chambers’ edited collection, Prozac as a Way of Life, Francis Fukuyama’s Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution, and the President’s Council on Bioethics’ Beyond Therapy: Biotechnology and the Pursuit of Happiness (1)–all struggle with questions related to authenticity, identity, the medicalization of psychological experience, and the use of antidepressants to “treat” not just severe clinical depression but forms of sadness, emptiness, and alienation that speak more to dead-end jobs and stifling schools than serotonin levels in the brain.”

Interesting research support that experiences can significantly change brain.

“The study, which has been published in the renowned scientific journal Molecular Psychiatry, shows that it is the imbalance between the two signalling systems which determines the severity of the symptoms suffered by the individual rather than the degree of change in a single system. Others have previously speculated that the biological basis of psychiatric disorders such as PTSD includes a shift in the balance between different signalling systems in the brain but none has yet proved it. The results of the study are a great leap forward in our understanding of PTSD. It will contribute new knowledge which can be used to design improved treatments for traumatised individuals.” (excerpt)

 

Source: Posttraumatic stress disorder reveals imbalance between signalling systems in the brain

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-problem-with-female-superheroes/

“while the roles for women in superhero movies have evolved from the helpless, easy mark to the commanding, mighty protector, the central appeal of these characters as sexual goddesses is the same.  As a consequence, the superheroines, like their victim counterparts, are undermining rather than improving women’s perceptions of their own bodies and physical competence.  And they are doing nothing to improve beliefs about women’s roles in society.” (Excerpt)